IMAGE: CNS photo/Callaghan O'Hare, Reuters
By Rhina Guidos
WASHINGTON (CNS) -- From Denver
to New York City, the country's Catholic bishops have joined a chorus of
organizations, institutions and high-profile individuals urging the Trump
administration to stop separating children from their parents as they seek
respite in the U.S. from dire conditions in their home countries, largely in
None have been more outspoken,
however, than the bishops with dioceses on or near the border between the U.S.
and Mexico, where many migrants, adults as well as children, are being held in
detention centers in geographic areas where many of the prelates come into
contact with families affected.
"Refugee children belong to
their parents, not to the government or other institution. To steal children
from their parents is a grave sin, immoral (and) evil," said San Antonio's
Archbishop Gustavo Garcia-Siller June 14 via Twitter, the social media platform
he has used to daily call attention to the situation.
"Their lives have already
been extremely difficult. Why do we (the U.S.) torture them even more, treating
them as criminals?" he continued.
In a June 5 interview with CBS
News, U.S Attorney General Jeff Sessions said: "If people don't want to be
separated from their children, they should not bring them with them,"
meaning they shouldn't bring them along when trying to cross the border, which
many do as they seek asylum. The furor over the separation of children from a
parent or parents had already started in late May, before Sessions used a Bible
passage to justify the actions.
Bishop Daniel E. Flores of the
Diocese of Brownsville, Texas, said via Twitter May 31 that "separating
immigrant parents and children as a supposed deterrent to immigration is a
cruel and reprehensible policy. Children are not instruments of deterrence,
they are children. A government that thinks any means is suitable to achieve an
end cannot secure justice for anyone."
But the outrage began in earnest
after the June 14 speech to law enforcement officers in Fort Wayne, Indiana,
when Sessions said the practice of separating families is consistent with the
teachings of the Bible because "persons who violate the law of our nation
are subject to prosecution. I would cite you to the Apostle Paul and his clear
and wise command in Romans 13 to obey the laws of the government because God
has ordained them for the purpose of order."
The following day, New York
Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan said during CNN's "Cuomo Prime Time with Chris
Cuomo" that while he appreciated Sessions quoting the Bible, the quote he
used was not the best.
"For one, St. Paul always
says we should obey the law of the government if that law is in conformity with
the Lord's law, all right? No pun intended but God's law trumps man's
law, all right?" he said.
"And St. Paul himself who
gave the quote that the attorney general used, he wouldn't obey Roman law when
it said it was mandatory to worship the emperor," the cardinal continued.
"He wouldn't obey that law. I don't think we should obey a law that goes
against what God intends that you would take a baby, a child, from their mom. I
mean, that's just unjust. That's unbiblical. That's un-American. There could be
no Bible passage that would justify that."
After Sessions' Bible quote,
Bishop Mark J. Seitz of El Paso, Texas, also used the Bible to make a point and
compared Christ's time as a refugee in the Holy Land to the migrants.
In a June 15 statement, he
compared the distance from his diocese to other localities in Guatemala and
Mexico, saying that "if Jesus of Nazareth returned, as at that time, from
Galilee to Judea, ... we dare say he would not get as far as Sacred Heart
Church downtown (in El Paso) before being detained."
He urged Christians to think
about the families fleeing and seeking asylum in the U.S., what they're going
through and said that what's at stake "is the fundamental question of
being Christian today, of being a person of faith today in our country and on
the continent that is suffering an hour of Christ's passion."
Bishop Seitz announced a public
prayerful procession "in solidarity with our sisters and brothers who
continue to migrate to our border" planned for the evening of July 20 in
El Paso but did not release other details. The U.S. bishops also are talking
about the possibility of a delegation of prelates going to the detention
centers where many children are being held.
In mid-June, The Associated
Press said this year "nearly 2,000 children have been separated from their
families at the U.S. border over a six-week period during a crackdown on
illegal entries," according to documents from the Department of Homeland
Security, which operates Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
Family separation policies "tear
at our core values as a nation," Bishop Oscar A. Solis of Salt Lake City said. "We
are, and must continue to be, a beacon of hope for families unable to find
basic protections and pathways out of poverty within their home countries."
The U.S. "has a right to protect
its borders," but also has "a moral obligation to do so through means that
preserve families and the dignity and sanctity of all life," he added. For
decades, he noted, "the U.S. bishops have advocated for sensible reforms to our
long-broken immigration system."
"Refusing asylum to women
escaping from domestic violence and separating children from their parents is
an unnecessary and aggressive act against human life, and unfathomable from a
country with a heart as strong as ours," Bishop Solis said in a June 18
Said Archbishop Alexander K.
Sample of Portland, Oregon: "Whatever one thinks about the most prudent way to
resolve our mounting immigration problems, mercy and charity dictate that we do
not potentially cause irreparable harm and trauma when there is another way."
The government has discretion to
keep families together in "its implementation of federal immigration law," he
"We need to see the real human
faces of those affected," Archbishop Sample said. "These are families not
unlike our own. In the ongoing debate over immigration issues, the U.S. bishops
have always maintained, as a fundamental principle, that families must be kept
"St. Thomas Aquinas said that
when a human law does not reflect God's law then it becomes an unjust law and
even an act of violence," Los Angeles Archbishop Jose H. Gomez wrote in a June
19 column in Angelus, the archdiocesan news website.
"We need to insist that those
who make and enforce our laws guard against this," he said, adding, "That means
stop the family separations right now -- and give those 2,000 children back to
their moms and dads."
He, too, said the nation's
leaders "have a solemn duty to secure our national borders and enforce our
immigration laws. No one questions this. But we must find a better way."
Two prelates from Colorado,
Denver Archbishop Samuel J. Aquila and Denver Auxiliary Bishop Jorge Rodriguez,
repeated what other bishops have said in June 18 statement, saying that while
borders must be protected, the policy of separating families is
"immoral" and urged that it be terminated immediately, saying those
being detained are in need of protection.
"These children and their
parents are often fleeing violence and our country should not add to the
inhumanity of their situation," they said.
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